What is period pain, dysmenorrhea?

period pain, dysmenorrhea, menstrual pain, is one of the most common symptoms of gynecological patients.

Many women have mild discomfort during menstruation, but period pain, dysmenorrhea refers to menstrual pain interferes with normal activities, which need medication.

Periodic menstrual pain is common and occurs in most of the menstrual cycle. Often accompanied by period pain and lower back pain, cramps, nausea, vomiting, headache, or diarrhea.

period pain, dysmenorrhea can be divided into primary and secondary. Primary period pain, is cyclical menstrual period pain but without organic disease, while secondary period painis common in endometriosis, fibroids, pelvic inflammatory disease, adenomyosis, endometrial polyps and menstrual outflow obstruction.

Therefore, secondary pain often accompanied by other gynecological symptoms such as dyspareunia, dysuria, abnormal bleeding, uterine fibroids, or infertility.

Compared with primary period pain, secondary period pain, more often after the beginning of menstruation. The pain is no different characteristics, the diagnosis of primary period pain can only be made after the exclusion of organic disease. This chapter focuses on primary period pain, dysmenorrhea.

Primary dysmenorrhea is most common in women at 20-30 years age, with age increase the incidence decreased, while secondary dysmenorrhea gradually increased. Recent reports dysmenorrhea total worldwide incidence of about 17-80%. Different due to different survey methods and definitions, so it is difficult to draw the real incidence of dysmenorrhea.

Unless period pain, dysmenorrhea symptoms affect quality of life, women will not go to the doctor.